Origin and history of carding machine

- Apr 28, 2017-

Carding machine is from the old carding tool (two block on the face of the tilt needle teeth comb plate) evolved (see comb). By 18th century gradually by hand changed to mechanical methods.

1738, United Kingdom L. Paul expanded the area of carding by using a needle-with drum and a corresponding arc-face comb to comb the area. In the same year, d. Born to create a multi drum comb machine. After the carding machine is added to feed the curtain and stripping chopper, basically solved the continuous feeding of raw materials and the comb of the mesh fiber thin layer of output problem. By 1792, the Englishman Cartwright invented the roller comb. At the end of 18th century, a fixed cover plate comb machine appeared. Shortly afterwards, the American Velman created the rotary cover plate comb machine, better solved the comb cotton problem. 1810, the French Gelard also created the roller comb machine.

Since 19th century, a variety of carding machine has many improvements and development, there are a variety of special comb machine. Carding machine can be divided into two categories, namely rotary cover plate carding machine and roller type comb machine. The former is mainly used for carding and cotton fiber (including medium), which is mainly used to comb wool and other long fibers. All carding machines have feed, comb, comb, stripping, forming coil (winding) and other basic institutions. One of the main carding parts of the rotary cover plate carding machine is the cover plate; one of the main comb parts on roller type carding machine is the work roller (work rollers).

Various types of carding parts of the surface are coated with different type and specifications of needle cloth to meet the requirements of carding. The production level of carding machine is measured by the speed of the output and the weight of the unit length of the mesh fiber thin layer. The structure of the fiber network and the kink, the number of miscellaneous chips, etc. reflect the quality level of the latter half products, and the number of carding machine excluded from the technical and economic benefits directly.